LAMP Stack

LAMP StackLAMP is an acronym for “Linux, Apache, MySQL, Perl/PHP/Python”.

PHP (or Perl, Python)

MySQL DataBase

APACHE Web Server

LINUX Operating System

The reason they call it a stack is because each level derives off it’s base layer. Your Operating system, Linux, is the base layer. Then Apache, your web daemon sits on top of your OS. Then your database stores all the information served by your web daemon, and PHP (or any P* scripting language) is used to drive and display all the data, and allow for user interaction.


LinuxLinux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel. The development of Linux is one of the most prominent examples of free and open-source software collaboration. The underlying source code may be used, modified and distributed—commercially or non-commercially—by anyone under the terms of its respective licenses, such as the GNU General Public License.

Typically, Linux is packaged in a form known as a Linux distribution (or distro for short) for both desktop and server use. The defining component of a Linux distribution is the Linux kernel. Distributions include the Linux kernel, supporting utilities and libraries, many of which are provided by the GNU Project, and usually a large amount of application software to fulfil the distribution’s intended use.

Linux is the most widely used operating system due to its marketing leading position on servers, mobile devices, and ebmeded systems. It has over 60% market share of web servers. The Android operating system (which runs on the Linux kernel) is the most used operating system worldwide, with its market share reaching 81.7 percent in the last quarter of 2016.

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Linux Resources

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Apache HTTP Server

Apache HTTP ServerThe Apache HTTP Server, typically called simply “Apache”, is a free and open-source cross-platform web server. Apache is the most widely used web server. As of March 2018, the Apache web server was estimated to serve 43% of all active websites and 37% of the top million websites.

The Apache web server supports virtual hosting. This allows one Apache installation to serve many different Web sites.

Apache uses compiled modules to extend the core functionality. These can range from authentication schemes, popular compression methods, to supporting server-side programming languages such as Perl, Python, Tcl and PHP.

Instead of implementing a single architecture, Apache provides a variety of MultiProcessing Modules (MPMs), which allow it to run in either a process-based mode, a hybrid (process and thread) mode, or an event-hybrid mode, in order to better match the demands of each particular infrastructure.

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Apache HTTP Server Resources

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PHPPHP: Hypertext Preprocessor (or simply PHP) is a server-side scripting language designed for Web development, but also used as a general-purpose programming language.

PHP code may be embedded into HTML code, or it can be used in combination with various web template systems, web content management systems(like WordPress), and web frameworks. PHP code is usually processed by a PHP interpreter implemented as a module in the web server or as a Common Gateway Interface (CGI) executable. The web server combines the results of the interpreted and executed PHP code, which may be any type of data, including images, with the generated web page. PHP code may also be executed with a command-line interface (CLI) and can be used to implement standalone graphical applications.

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MySQL Resources

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WordPress powers 31% of the Internet.

WordPress is a free and open-source content management system (CMS) based on PHP and MySQL. WordPress is the most popular website management system. It is used by more than 60 million websites, including 30.6% of the top 10 million websites.

Features include a plugin architecture and a template system. It is most associated with blogging, but supports other types of web content including more traditional mailing lists and forums, media galleries, and online stores.

WordPress has to be installed on a web server, either part of an Internet hosting service like or a computer running the software package in order to serve as a network host in its own right. A local computer may be used for single-user testing and learning purposes.

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WordPress Resources

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Popular Websites Using WordPress

One of the common misconceptions about WordPress is that since it is open source, it may not be good enough for big brands. Here are just a few popular websites that use WordPress.

BBC America
Bloomberg Professional
Chicago Sun Times
Facebook Newsroom
Home Depot
MTV News
Sony Music
The New York Times
The New Yorker
The Official Star Wars Blog
The Rolling Stones
The Wall Street Journal Law Blog
The Walt Disney Company
Time Inc.